All homes have some
method of heating. The most common type
of heating system is a forced air furnace. The furnace can be powered by
electricity or gas. Temperature is
controlled by a thermostat. The heat
from the furnace enters the home through vents in walls and/or ceilings and
cold air is returned to the furnace through larger vents called “cold air
return” vents. Another type of heating
system is hydronic or hot water
heating. In this type of heating the
water is heated in a boiler, which is typically powered by gas or electricity,
and then circulated through pipes to convectors or radiators located throughout
If the home has a
cooling system it will be one or more of the following three types of systems;
Air Conditioner, Evaporative Cooler (Swamp Cooler), Attic Fan.
are run by electricity. They can be room
or whole house units. Room air
conditioners are mounted in windows or walls and are operated manually. Whole house units are set on a cement slab outside
and are connected to the furnace venting system and controlled by the
require both electricity and water.
Swamp coolers can be mounted in windows, walls or on the roof. The control is located at the swamp cooler or
on a separate thermostat inside. Water
is piped to the swamp cooler via a copper tube connected to your cold water
line. A shut off valve is installed at
are run by electricity and are located in the ceiling on the upper floor and
vent into the attic. House fans should be used only at night after the outside
temperature has dropped. This pulls the
cooler outside air through the house the hot air is vented into the attic.
Your Heating Systems
Install smoke and
carbon monoxide detectors in recommended locations throughout your house.
Change batteries in
your smoke and carbon monoxide detectors every 6 months.
Change or clean
furnace filters regularly. Check monthly at first to determine appropriate replacement
interval for your home and lifestyle. Dirty filters will prevent your furnace
from running efficiently wasting energy, money and potentially causing damage
to the furnace. Note: Thefilter must
be changed year round if you have whole house (central) air-conditioning) How to change your furnace filter
Have your furnace cleaned and serviced annually to prolong the life of your system.
inspected and serviced every year. For wood burning fireplaces contact a
chimney sweep for gas fireplaces contact a gas appliance service company.
Your Cooling Systems
(AKA swamp coolers) should be drained seasonally to prevent water lines from
freezing and splitting. Cooling pads should be replaced every 2 years.
filters should be inspected and cleaned or replaced on a regular basis. Check monthly to determine appropriate
replacement interval for your home and lifestyle, then perform routine
should not be run if the outside temperature is below 65 degrees F.
Whole house air conditioning systems should be serviced annually.
One of the things I talk about in a number of my classes (home maintenance, plumbing and weatherizing) is the importance of knowing where your main and individual water shut-off valves are located. This is not only vital information in an emergency, it is also important for safely and efficiently completing your home repairs and improvements.
The following is a list of the shut off valves and switches and how to locate them. Main water shut off valve
This valve is typically located on the lowest level of your home which in some cases may be a crawl
space. Go to the wall that is closest to the street and look for a valve that looks like one of these pictures and is connected to a pipe that is coming through the foundation wall below ground level or up from the ground in a crawl space.
If you can't find it this way start at your water heater and follow the cold water pipe until you can find where it enters the house. Your shut off valve may be concealed behind a panel in the wall in a finished basement. Water shut-off valve for sprinkler systems.
This valve is typically located near the main water shut off. The water supply line for irrigation systems often branches off the main water line near were it enters the home. Look for a shut off valve that looks like the main shut off valve.
Individual water shut off valves
In newer homes it is required that every individual fixture (sink, toilet, washing machines, laundry tubs) has a shut off valve on any water supply line. This is not necessarily true for tubs and showers and I don't know why that is. The valves should visible and accessible. Look under sinks, behind toilets and behind your clothes washer.
Water Heater shut off valve.
Every water heater should have a shut off valve on the cold water
supply line to the unit. This allows the unit to be serviced or replaced without having to shut the water off to the entire house.
DO... Start the process early. Get Pre-Qualified prior to making any offers.
DO… Disclose everything about your financial situation up
front. Tell your lender about the source of your down payment, gift
funds, money transfers, credit challenges, etc.
DO... Respond to all documentation requests from your loan
officer ASAP. Keep all original copies
of paystubs, w-2’s, bank statements, tax returns, etc.
DO... Keep your real estate agent and loan officer informed
of any changes to your credit, income and debts.
DO... Ask questions
DON’T… Make a job change without inquiring about the impact
it will have on your loan qualification.
DON’T… Make any major purchases prior to closing on your
loan. Taking on new debts or even
increasing current balances on revolving credit accounts can have a negative
impact on your credit score and qualifying ratios.
DON’T… Move the source of your down payment without proper
documentation or make any unexplained deposits in any of your accounts for 60
days prior to closing.
DON’T... Forget there is a difference between what you can
qualify for and what you may be comfortable paying. Qualifying for a higher
payment does not mean you should overspend.
In 2008 my husband, Bill, and I started casually talking about moving into a smaller home. Our girls were out of the house, he was planning on early retirement and neither of us were interested in taking care of a big house any longer. So, we decided to start looking around to see where we might want to live and figure out what kind of house we really wanted.
As I am the data driven one in the relationship I decided to make a list of things we wanted or needed based on some practical points.
The first was pretty simple, how much space did we really need? I calculated the floor space of the rooms we actually used in the house. Obviously we were comfortable living in that size space since we were already doing it.
How much did we want to pay and where did we want to live? As anyone who has recently been researching real estate these 2 items go hand in hand. There are areas of Denver where you can pay $500,000 for a 1,500 sq ft house or you can pay $200,000 for a the same size house. We certainly didn't want to increase our monthly mortgage to get a smaller house so we had to concentrate on areas that met our needs: nice neighborhoods, easy access to parks, shopping and downtown, access to light rail and potential for appreciation of our investment.
Once we had the area picked out it was time to starting looking. A few days of looking and discussing the advantages and disadvantages of various features of homes we were able to make a list of 'must haves', 'would like to have', 'would be okay' and 'deal breakers'.
We were able to find a house that is just right for us. It had all the things we needed, a few things we wanted and none of the 'deal breakers'. We were able to find a home with great 'bones' (you can read about that here). The payment is less than what many people pay for a 1 bedroom condo in downtown Denver. The interior needed up-dating but we have spent the last 6 years methodically updating a room at a time along with some major landscaping work and we have exactly what we want and couldn't be happier.
If you're ready to take the leap and downsize to your perfect next home, contact me, I'd love to help.
I am a licensed real estate broker in the state of Colorado with over 10 years of comprehensive experience in real estate.
Modern water heaters are difficult to repair and don't require a lot of maintenance. This disadvantage with water heaters today is that they life span of a typical water heater is between 10 and 12 years.
To increase the life of your water heater here are some recommendations:
Lower the temperature setting on the thermostat to 120° F. This provides sufficient hot water for most families, reduces the chance of scalding, and decreases wear on your water heater's tank.
Corrosion happens faster in hotter water. Your water heater is built with a sacrificial anode that helps protect the steel tank by providing a replaceable component that sacrifices itself to the naturally occurring corrosive compounds in the water. This anode should be replaced periodically.
Sediment is small particles of debris that settle out on the bottom of your water heater. A drain valve at the bottom of every water heater provides a way to drain sediment from the tank. If your water heater rumbles or makes other noises, you probably have a build-up of sediment in the tank and should consider draining a portion of the water to remove the sediment.
Steps to drain a water heater
Turn off the water supply shut-off valve. This valve is located on the cold water supply to the water heater.
Turn the temperature dial to 'vacation' mode. This will prevent the burner from actuating while the water heater is draining.
Attach a garden hose to the drain valve at the bottom of the water heater and direct the hose to a safe location. If you have a floor drain nearby you can drain it there.
Open up the drain valve and beginning draining the water. If you don't see any sediment in the water you can stop at any time. If there is sediment in the water continue to drain until the water is clear.
Close the valve and disconnect the hose.
Turn the water supply back on
Turn the temperature dial back to your original setting.
I saw a news report recently about West Nile disease found in mosquitoes in Fort Collins, Colorado. The report gave some important things everyone can do to reduce the chances of being bitten by a mosquito and contracting this awful disease. The suggestions were:
Remove all standing water sources from your property
When working or playing outdoors at dawn or dusk use repellent and dress in long sleeves and pants.
Repair all of the screens in your home.
#3 is one of the recommendations I can help you with. Luckily, repairing screens is so simple it's crazy not to do it today. Repairing a plastic or fiberglass screen Most screens today are made from plastic or fiberglass and small holes can easily be patched.
You can purchase a simple patch with self-sticking adhesive on one side from your local hardware story. The patch comes in a 3" x 3" square and can be cut to size. Apply the patch directly over any small hole or cut in the screen and you're done! For really small holes you can simply use a small amount of household cement, the patch will be next to invisible. Repairing metal screens Although metal screens are much less common they are still around on many homes. But repairing them can be just as easy. You can purchase a ready made metal screen repair patch or you can cut a patch from an old screen. If you're cutting a piece of screen yourself it should be at least 1/2" - 1" larger on all sides than the hole you're repairing. Unravel several strands from the patch and if necessary bend the strands along the edges. Slip the bent strands of the patch through the screen and fold them over on the opposite side to hold the patch in place. A small amount of household cement on the ends of the strands may help keep them in place over time. If you're screen is damaged beyond repair you can easily replace the screen by following some simple steps. Here's a link to my blog post that will walk you through the steps.
I am an expert at helping women experience the joy of home ownership. I empower women to confidently navigate the home buying, selling and maintenance processes by making smart decisions with great information. I have years of experience in residential real estate as a handywoman, home inspector, teacher, landlord, homeowner, broker and volunteer.